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Bogenschneider K. An ecological risk/protective theory for building prevention programs, policies, and community capacity to support youth. Past studies indicate positive relations between income and substance abuse among Latinos . Yet, personal income was not directly linked to attributions about addiction in the current study.
While nativity did not directly relate with attributions, women who reported marijuana use endorsed more spiritual attributions when they were foreign born than when they were born in the U.S. All consenting study participants were administered a single, face-to-face interview guided by a structured questionnaire, which included the instruments used in the current study. The majority of interviews occurred in participants’ homes (69%) or at researchers’ university offices (19%). Interviews were conducted in either Spanish (65%) or English (35%) by eleven trained and supervised female assessors. All but one of the assessors self-identified as Latina and were bilingual in English and Spanish.
San Antonio, Texas – over half of the population in the city proper (53.2%, 705,530) and second largest Mexican population of any city in the US. Dallas/Fort Worth Area – fifth largest Mexican-American population and over 1.5 million Mexicans in the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex . San Diego, California – slightly less than one-third of the city’s population is Hispanic, primarily Mexican American; however, this percentage is the lowest of any significant border city. Palmdale, California – Over 25.8% of the population is Mexican-American. The city has one of the largest Latino population in the country because of including other Latino groups and Central Americans such as Salvadorans, Guatemalans and Hondurans.
They were closer to income parity to white men than men who were Dominicans (62.3 percent) and Central and South Americans (58.3 percent). Although very close to income parity with blacks (65.5 percent), stateside Puerto Rican men fell below Mexicans (68.3 percent), Cubans (75.9 percent), other Hispanics (75.1 percent) and Asians (100.7 percent).
Another destination of Mexican and Latin American immigration was the Northeastern United States, in places such as the Monongahela Valley, Pennsylvania; Mahoning Valley, Ohio; throughout Massachusetts and the state of Rhode Island; New Haven, Connecticut along with other Latin American nationalities; Washington, D.C. with Maryland and Northern Virginia included; the Hudson Valley and Long Island of New York state; the Jersey Shore region and the Delaware Valley, New Jersey.
Latinos comprise about 15% of the overall U.S. population, and accounted for half of all U.S. population growth between 2000 and 2007 (Bernstein & Edwards, 2008). The U.S. Census Bureau predicts that, by 2050, nearly one of every three Americans will be of Latino descent (Bernstein & Edwards, 2008).
The income disparity between the stateside community and those living on the island is not as great as those of other Latin-American countries, and the direct connection between second-generation Puerto Ricans and their relatives is not as conducive to direct monetary support. Many Puerto Ricans still living in Puerto Rico also remit to family members who are living stateside.
This has disastrous consequences for the Latino community by denying them monetary resources that would ultimately benefit them. The National Women’s Law Center estimates that the gender wage gap amounts to a loss of $26,095 a year. That amount can mean a lot to a working family attempting to pay its bills, put food on the table, and provide for their children. NWLC also estimates that over the course of a 40-year career, with the current wage gap, the average Latina would lose over a million dollars in wages. Wage gaps also harm the individuality of working Latinas and limit their social and economic mobility.
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Non-medical sedative use unexpectedly was positively associated with endorsement of disease model attributions. Sedative abusing women may have a higher awareness of withdrawal syndromes, dependence, and tolerance due the toxic effects of misuse of sedatives (Becker, Fiellin, & Desai, 2007).
- Chicano ethnic identity may involve more than just Spanish ancestry and may include African ancestry (as a result of Spanish slavery or runaway slaves from Anglo-Americans).
- Arteaga concludes that “the physical manifestation of the Chicano, is itself a product of hybridity.”
- Although there has been controversy over the origins of Chicano, community conscience reportedly remains strong among those who claim the identity.
- Arteaga acknowledges how this ethnic and racial hybridity among Chicanos is highly complex and extends beyond a previously generalized “Aztec” ancestry, as originally asserted during the formative years of the Chicano Movement.
Respondents providing write-in entries such as multiracial, mixed, interracial, We-Sort, or a Hispanic/Latino group in the “Some other race” category are included here. The 1960 census re-added the word “color” to the racial question, and changed “Indian” to “American Indian”, as well as adding Hawaiian, Part-Hawaiian, Aleut, and Eskimo.
Higher frequencies of marijuana use were associated with disagreement with the moral/character models of addiction. It is unlikely for frequent marijuana users to hold beliefs suggesting addiction is an indicator of weak character and immorality because such a belief may be overly self-critical.
There are in-groups and out-groups, and people find worth in being in those in-groups. As women, racial and ethnic minorities and members of a low socioeconomic status group, Latinas posses a triple minority status, all of which impact their educational opportunities.
There has been debate over whether this should be termed cultural appropriation, with some arguing that it is appreciation rather than appropriation. Chicana/os may seek out both Western biomedical healthcare and Indigenous health practices when dealing with trauma or illness. The effects of colonization are proven to produce psychological distress among Indigenous communities. Intergenerational trauma, along with racism and institutionalized systems of oppression, have been shown to adversely impact the mental health of Chicana/os and Latina/os. Mexican Americans are three times more likely than European Americans to live in poverty.
In the last two years they have successfully built strong partnerships with tech companies like Microsoft, Intuit, Eset and others to encourage technology adoption within the community and increase the number of Latinas in technology-related careers. Lala Castro is an entrepreneur and digital marketing https://universitiespa.org/blog/2020/04/14/the-war-against-chilean-girls/ consultant with a wide array of expertise in Online Marketing. Lala is also the co-founder of #LatinaGeeks, with a mission is to empower and inspire Latinas by sharing technical knowledge, business skills, and entrepreneurship resources through hands-on workshops and community events.
As participants completed baseline assessments, they received sealed opaque envelopes with their assignments. Participants were randomly assigned to either the AMIGAS HIV sexual risk reduction intervention or the general health comparison intervention. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded the study from August 2007 to August 2010. Latina principal investigators and coinvestigators led the study team, and the majority of the health department staff and project partners at Emory University and the CDC were Latino or were fluent in Spanish. The study team members were from Cuba, Central American countries, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico.
Hatgis et al. found that participants with personal histories of addiction were less likely to believe that people are personally responsible for substance abuse problems. Such findings suggest a need to examine whether commonly held attributions about addiction differ based on substance use frequency and type of substance among adult Latinas, and the potential moderating role of substance use frequency on relations between cultural and socioeconomic variables and attributions about addiction among adult Latinas. Decades of research have established links between socioeconomic variables and substance use among U.S.
From 2010–17, Florida’s Puerto Rican population increased from 847,000 to 1.120 million, increasing by nearly 300,000, allowing Florida to replace New York as the state with the largest Puerto Rican population. Puerto Ricans have been heavily increasing in many other parts of the country too, such as Texas and Ohio. The Puerto Rican population by state, showing the percentage of the state’s population that identifies itself as Puerto Rican relative to the state/territory population as a whole is shown in the following table. During this time, the 1990s and early 2000s, the overall migration patterns out from Puerto Rico to the US mainland began to switch and Orlando became the main destination from Puerto Rico by far, replacing New York City. Puerto Ricans are largely spread out in the Orlando area, but the heaviest concentration is in the southern portions, like Kissimmee, Poinciana and many other areas in Osceola County, where Puerto Ricans make up the majority of the population.
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